What are the health benefits of tarragon?

Popular perennial tarragon is frequently used in French and UK cuisine. The Compositae or Asteraceae (sunflower) family includes the various types of tarragon, all of which have a characteristic licorice, lemon, and basil flavor. An herb is tarragon. Medicine is made from the tarragon plant’s sections that grow above ground. Tarragon is also referred to as “mugwort”. Take caution not to mistake tarragon for another plant known as mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris).

What is Tarragon?

The French and Russian tarragons are the two primary varieties. The most common variety, French tarragon, is used in most meals. Russian tarragon is less frequently used because it is a bit more powerful.

Tarragon Nutritional Value

Tarragon is a common culinary herb, but you might not be aware of its nutritional value. It is a good source of magnesium, potassium, zinc, vitamin C, and A.

That’s not all, though. Also, tarragon has some amazing health advantages. It has been demonstrated to aid in better blood circulation, infection prevention, and digestion. Tarragon is an excellent choice if you’re looking for a way to supplement your diet with extra nutrients.


Although tarragon has long been used as a medicine, current research has discovered additional uses for it.

Encourages Menstruation

The herb tarragon is beneficial to certain women who have repressed their menstrual cycles. Herbalists advocate it as a way to promote menstruation and support the overall wellbeing of the female reproductive system.

If you’re pregnant or nursing, avoid taking too much tarragon or taking it as a supplement because there isn’t any evidence to support this claim.

A related plant, thyme, has lately been discovered to ease period pains and encourage menstruation. Several of the same characteristics are shared by tarragon, which may explain why herbalists have employed it to treat menstruation issues.

Fights Bacteria

Staphylococcus aureus, the germ that causes staph infections, and Escherichia coli are two forms of bacteria that are both well-known and extremely harmful (E.coli).

Cellulitis, boils, impetigo, food poisoning, toxic shock syndrome, and boils are a few disorders that can be brought on by staphylococcus bacterium. a few types of E. Among the ailments they can cause include diarrhea, pneumonia, respiratory illnesses, and urinary tract infections.

Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli have both been shown to be resistant to the antibacterial effects of tarragon essential oil. According to a 2012 study that appeared in the Iranian Journal of Microbiology, the capacity of tarragon essential oil to fight harmful bacteria also makes it a great option as a natural preservative, especially in cheese.

The term SIBO, which stands for “small intestinal bacterial overgrowth,” or too many bacteria in the small intestine, can also be treated naturally with tarragon essential oil. According to studies, it has been used as a herbal treatment for SIBO for many years and has had a lot of success in treating the problem.

Toothache Remedy

Fresh tarragon leaves have long been used as a DIY toothache treatment in traditional herbal medicine. According to legend, the ancient Greeks chewed the leaves to numb their mouths. According to research, the plant’s high concentration of eugenol, a naturally occurring anesthetic molecule, is what causes this pain-relieving action.

The same pain-relieving eugenol can be found in clove oil, another well-liked natural toothache cure. Moreover, tarragon might aid in easing the painful gums that frequently accompany toothaches.

Better Sleep

Whilst it has not been confirmed experimentally, tarragon may be able to treat sleep disorders including insomnia. To soothe the nervous system and promote undisturbed sleep, some herbalists advise drinking tarragon tea before bed.

One teaspoon of the fresh leaves to one cup of hot water can be used to make a tea that, when consumed before bed, may promote better sleep.

Even WebMD mentions the usage of tarragon tea to induce sleep, a traditional treatment for insomnia used by the French.

Improved Digestion

Tarragon is a great digestive aid, both as an aperitif (which helps stimulate the appetite) and for properly digesting food, as the oils in tarragon cause the body’s natural digestive fluids to be released.

It can help with all aspects of digestion, from saliva production in the mouth to gastric juice production in the stomach to peristaltic movements in the intestines.

The carotenoids in tarragon are mostly responsible for this herb’s digestive power. The Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences at the Irish University College Cork looked at how herbs with carotenoids affect digestion. These plants “add to the intake of bioaccessible carotenoids,” according to the results, which enhances intestinal health.

Reduces Blood Sugar

According to research, tarragon extract may be able to lower blood sugar levels in both animals and individuals who are insulin sensitive.

According to a research in the Journal of Medicinal Food, taking tarragon before meals caused individuals to significantly lower their overall insulin output, which helped to stabilize their blood sugar levels.

May Reduce Inflammation

Studies on tarragon in animals suggest that herb has anti-inflammatory properties. The level of inflammatory cytokines was found to be lowered by tarragon extract, according to researchers. Further research is required, because immune cells and several other cells secrete cytokines that cause inflammation.

May Help Stimulate the Thyroid

Animal studies have suggested that tarragon extract may improve thyroid health. After giving the plant extract in doses of 300 mg/kg, levels of thyroxine and triiodothyronine significantly increased.

The thyroid produces the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which aid in regulating metabolism. The researchers claim that this extract might enhance the thyroid hormone profile, but more research is required.

May Improve Mental Resilience

Tarragon may aid in lowering stress and boosting resistance to depression, according to studies on animals. Researchers attribute the plant’s antidepressant properties to the presence of phenolic and flavonoid components such quercetin, caffeic acid, and flavonoids like chlorogenic acid and luteolin.

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It is uncommon to have a tarragon allergy. Nonetheless, it is preferable to contact a doctor for an allergy test if you exhibit symptoms of an allergy or intolerance. Rash, mouth itching, and cough are indications that someone may be allergic or intolerant to anything.

How to Use

The best way to use tarragon is fresh and complete. Look for sprigs that have vibrant, green leaves. Place it in a plastic bag in the refrigerator and wrap it in a loose, damp paper towel. This can go on for several days.

To chop fresh tarragon, begin by grasping the stem with your fingers at the tip and removing leaves by gently sliding your fingers down the stem toward the base. After that, slice the leaves and throw away the stem.

The dried variety is an alternative and is widely accessible, but it has a weaker flavor than the fresh. For later usage, you can also freeze or dry fresh leaves. The leaves should be dried before being stored in an airtight container in a cold, dry area. If you decide to freeze the leaves, then wash and dry them before putting them in freezer bags or ice cube trays with a little water. Tarragon can be frozen and kept for months.

The flavor of tarragon is delicate and sweet, tasting something like anise. This is why it works well in recipes that call for eggs, shellfish, chicken, lamb, or veal. Because it frequently clashes with flavors other than lemon, it is typically the star element in a dish or marinade.

Bottom Line

In addition to its possible health benefits, tarragon adds flavor. They consist of controlling the immune system, lessening inflammation, and improving insulin sensitivity. The results are not conclusive because tiny animal tests were used in the majority of study.

The herb includes a variety of vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, potassium, and vitamins A and C. If tarragon is ingested in moderation as part of a meal, there shouldn’t be any negative side effects.

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