Does the mode of delivery predispose women to anal incontinence in the first year postpartum? A comparative systematic review

Objectives To assess if mode of delivery is associated with increased symptoms of anal incontinence following childbirth.  Design Systematic review of all relevant studies in English.  Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, bibliographies of retrieved primary articles and consultation with experts.  Study selection and data extraction Data were extracted on study characteristics, quality and results. […]

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