The term sexually transmitted disease (STD) is utilized to allude to a condition passed starting with one individual then onto the next through sexual contact. An individual can get an STD by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with somebody who has the STD.
An STD may also be called a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD).
That doesn’t mean sex is the only way STDs are transmitted. Contingent upon the particular STD, diseases may likewise be sent through sharing needles and breastfeeding.
Symptoms of STDs in women
In many cases, STDs don’t cause noticeable symptoms. When they do, common STD symptoms in women include:
- unusual discharge or bleeding from the vagina
- sores, bumps, or rashes on or around the vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, or mouth
- pain or discomfort during sex or urination
- itchiness in or around the vagina
Treatment of STDsThe suggested treatment for STDs differs, depending upon what STD you have. It’s vital that you and your sexual accomplice be effectively treated for STDs prior to continuing sexual action. Else, you can pass an infection to and fro between you.
Usually, antibiotics can easily treat bacterial infections.
It’s essential to accept every one of your antibiotics as recommended. Keep taking them regardless of whether you feel better before you wrap up taking every one of them. Inform your doctor as to whether your symptoms don’t disappear or return after you’ve taken the entirety of your endorsed drug.
Antibiotics can’t treat viral STDs. While most viral infections have no cure, some can clear on their own. And in many cases, treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of transmission.
For instance, meds are accessible to reduce the recurrence and seriousness of herpes outbreaks. In like manner, treatment can help stop the movement of HIV. Besides, antiviral drugs can bring down your danger of transmitting HIV to another person.
Some STDs are caused by neither viruses nor bacteria. Instead, they’re caused by other small organisms. Examples include:
- pubic lice
These STDs are usually treatable with oral or topical medications. Ask your doctor or other healthcare provider for more information about your condition and treatment options.
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Avoiding sexual contact is the only foolproof way to avoid STDs. But when having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, there are ways to make it safer.
When used properly, condoms provide effective protection against many STDs. For optimal protection, it’s important to use condoms during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Dental dams can also provide protection during oral sex.
Condoms are for the most part powerful at preventing STDs that spread through fluids, like semen or blood. However, they can’t completely shield against STDs that pass from one skin to another. In the event that a condom doesn’t cover the space of skin with the infection, an individual can in any case get an STD or pass it to their partner.
Condoms can help protect against not only STDs, but also unwanted pregnancy.
In contrast, many other types of birth control lower the risk of unwanted pregnancy but not STDs. For example, the following forms of birth control don’t protect against STDs:
birth control implants
- intrauterine devices (IUDs)
- birth control pills
- birth control shot
Regular STD screening is a good idea for anyone who’s sexually active. It’s particularly important for those with a new partner or multiple partners. Early diagnosis and treatment can help stop the transmission of infections.
Prior to having intercourse with another partner, it’s critical to examine sexual history. Partners ought to likewise be evaluated for STDs by a medical care proficient. Since STDs regularly have no symptoms, testing is the best way to know without a doubt on the off chance that somebody has one.
When discussing STD test results, it’s important to ask a partner what they’ve been tested for. Many people assume their doctors have screened them for STDs as part of their regular care, but that’s not always true. need Ask the doctor for specific STD tests to ensure they’re taken.