Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Insomnia, the powerlessness to will rest or rest soundly around evening time, can be brought about by stress, jet lag, a health condition, the prescriptions you take, or even the measure of espresso you drink. Insomnia can likewise be brought about by other sleep disorders or mood disorders such as anxiety and depression.

Whatever the cause of your insomnia, improving your sleep hygiene, revising your daytime habits, and learning to relax will help cure most cases of insomnia without relying on sleep specialists or turning to prescription or over-the-counter sleeping pills.

At some point, many adults experience short-term (acute) insomnia, which lasts for days or weeks. It’s usually the result of stress or a traumatic event. But some people have long-term (chronic) insomnia that lasts for a month or more. Insomnia may be the primary problem, or it may be associated with other medical conditions or medications.

Symptoms of Insomnia

  • Ongoing worries about sleep
  • Increased errors or accidents
  • Difficulty paying attention, focusing on tasks or remembering
  • Irritability, depression or anxiety
  • Daytime tiredness or sleepiness
  • Not feeling well-rested after a night’s sleep
  • Waking up too early
  • Waking up during the night
  • Difficulty falling asleep around evening time

Causes of Insomnia

Common causes of chronic insomnia include:


Concerns about work, school, wellbeing, funds or family can keep your mind active around evening time, making it hard to rest. Stressful life occasions or injury — like the demise or disease of a friend or family member, separate, or a task misfortune — likewise may prompt insomnia.

Travel or work schedule

Your circadian rhythms act as an internal clock, guiding such things as your sleep-wake cycle, metabolism and body temperature. Disrupting your body’s circadian rhythms can lead to insomnia. Causes include jet lag from traveling across multiple time zones, working a late or early shift, or frequently changing shifts.

Poor sleep habits

Poor sleep habits include an irregular bedtime schedule, naps, stimulating activities before bed, an uncomfortable sleep environment, and using your bed for work, eating or watching TV. Computers, TVs, video games, smartphones or other screens just before bed can interfere with your sleep cycle.

Eating too much late in the evening

Having a light snack before bedtime is OK, but eating too much may cause you to feel physically uncomfortable while lying down. Many people also experience heartburn, a backflow of acid and food from the stomach into the esophagus after eating, which may keep you awake.

In adults

There are numerous potential purposes behind sleeplessness, including your sleeping habits, way of life decisions, and medical conditions. A few causes are minor and may improve with self-care, while others may expect you to look for medical attention.

Reasons for sleeplessness may include maturing, a lot of incitement before sleep time (like staring at the TV, playing computer games, or working out), burning through a lot of caffeine, noise disturbances, an uncomfortable bedroom, or a feeling of excitement.

Sleeping too much during the day, lack of exposure to sunlight, frequent urination, physical pain, jet lag, and some prescription medications may also lead to difficulty sleeping.

For many people, stress, worry, depression, or work schedules may also affect their sleep. For others, sleep issues are due to a sleep disorder such as insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless legs syndrome.

In infants

Sleeplessness may likewise happen in newborn children. It’s typical for infants to awaken a few times for the duration of the evening. However, most newborn children will begin to rest through the night after they’re a half year old.

If an older infant is showing signs of sleeplessness, it may be a sign that they’re teething, sick, hungry, or bothered by gas or digestive problems.

Prevention of Insominia

Good sleep habits can help forestall a insomnia and advance sound rest:
  • Create a relaxing bedtime ritual, such as taking a warm bath, reading or listening to soft music.
  • Make your bedroom comfortable for sleep and only use it for sex or sleep.
  • Avoid large meals and beverages before bedtime.
  • Limit or avoid caffeine and alcohol, and don’t use nicotine.
  • Limit or avoid naps.
  • Check your medications to see if they may contribute to insomnia.
  • Stay active — regular activity helps promote a good night’s sleep.
  • Keep your sleep time and wake time reliable from one day to another, including ends of the week.

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