Infertility: Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

Infertility is characterized as attempting to get pregnant (with continuous intercourse) for in any event a year with no achievement. Female infertility, male infertility, or a mix of the two influences a great many couples in the United States. An expected 10 to 18 percent of couples experience difficulty getting pregnant or having an effective conveyance.

Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. The cause is either unknown or a combination of male and female factors in the remaining cases.

Female infertility causes can be hard to analyze. There are numerous accessible treatments, which will rely upon the reason for infertility. Numerous infertile couples will proceed to consider a youngster without treatment. In the wake of attempting to get pregnant for a very long time, around 95% of couples effectively consider.

Symptoms of Infertility

The fundamental manifestation of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. A feminine cycle that is excessively long (35 days or more), excessively short (under 21 days), unpredictable or missing can imply that you’re not ovulating. There might be no other outward signs or symptoms.

When to see a doctor

When to seek help sometimes depends on your age:

  • Up to age 35, most doctors recommend trying to get pregnant for at least a year before testing or treatment.
  • If you’re between 35 and 40, discuss your concerns with your doctor after six months of trying.
  • If you’re older than 40, your doctor may want to begin testing or treatment right away.

Your doctor may also want to begin testing or treatment right away if you or your partner has known fertility problems, or if you have a history of irregular or painful periods, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, prior cancer treatment, or endometriosis.

Female infertility can be brought about by an assortment of components that affect or interfere with the following biological processes:

  • implantation, which occurs when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus where it can then grow and develop into a baby
  • fertilization, which occurs when sperm meets the egg in the fallopian tube after traveling through the cervix and uterus
  • ovulation, when the mature egg is released from the ovary

Risk factors

Risk factors for female infertility include:
  • having certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can damage the reproductive system
  • being overweight, obese, or significantly underweight
  • increasing age
  • smoking cigarettes
  • heavy use of alcohol


For women thinking about getting pregnant soon or in the future, these tips may help optimize fertility:

Limit caffeine.
Research suggests that limiting caffeine intake to less than 200 milligrams a day shouldn’t affect your ability to get pregnant. That’s about one to two cups of 6 to 8 ounces of coffee per day.
Maintain a normal weight.
Overweight and underweight women are at expanded danger of ovulation problems. On the off chance that you need to get thinner, practice reasonably. Arduous, extreme exercise of over five hours seven days has been related to diminished ovulation.
Reduce stress.
Some examines have shown that couples encountering psychological stress had less fortunate outcomes with infertility treatment. On the off chance that you can, figure out how to diminish stress in your life prior to attempting to get pregnant.
Quit smoking. 

Tobacco has multiple negative effects on fertility, not to mention your general health and the health of a fetus. If you smoke and are considering pregnancy, quit now.

Avoid alcohol.
Heavy alcohol use may lead to decreased fertility. And any alcohol use can affect the health of a developing fetus. If you’re planning to become pregnant, avoid alcohol, and don’t drink alcohol while you’re pregnant.

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Infertility and natural treatments


Various vitamins and minerals can be beneficial in promoting fertility.
Some to look out for include:

  • folate
  • zinc
  • vitamin C
  • vitamin E
  • iron

You can also consider other supplements, such as probiotics, which can promote healthy digestion and improve overall wellness.


Yoga incorporates postures and breathing techniques to promote relaxation and decrease stress levels.

Studies on yoga as an infertility treatment are limited. However, it’s believed that practicing yoga can be beneficial in relieving the stress that can be associated with undergoing fertility treatments.


Acupuncture involves the insertion of small, thin needles into various points of the body. It’s believed that these points can help stimulate the body’s energy flow.

There’s no definitive evidence to support acupuncture as a treatment for infertility.


A variety of fertility teas are commercially available for purchase, but do they work?

Investigations into the effects of these tea formulations on fertility are extremely limited. However, one recent review found that antioxidant compounds found in green tea may help fertility by improving parameters such as sperm count and motility.

Essential oils

Essential oils are derived from plants, typically from their roots, seeds, or leaves. They may be utilized in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce stress levels. Aromatherapy can involve massaging with, bathing with, or burning essential oils.

Outlook on infertility

Being determined to have infertility doesn’t imply that your fantasies about having a child have reached a conclusion. It might require some investment, yet various couples who experience infertility can ultimately have a youngster. child do as such all alone, while others will require clinical help.

The treatment that’s right for you and your partner will depend on many factors, including your ages, the cause of the infertility, and your personal preferences. Similarly, whether or not a specific infertility treatment results in a pregnancy can depend on many factors.

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