Sapodilla or Manilkara

Health Benefits of Sapodilla

Sapodillas are a widespread and well-liked fruit in other areas of the world, particularly in the tropics, but they are uncommon and exotic fruits in the United States.

What Is Sapodilla?

A tropical evergreen tree known as the sapodilla or Manilkara zapota is renowned for its mouthwatering brown fruits and myriad health advantages. The Sapodilla, a tree originally from Southern Mexico, is now widely planted across the tropics, primarily in India, the Philippines, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Mexico.

The sapodilla fruit has an egg-like or circular shape. It expands to a diameter of roughly 2 to 4 inches. Its flesh might be yellow, brown, or reddish-brown, and it has brown skin. Its flesh may have a smooth or a gritty feel. The fruit’s interior often contains three to twelve flat, black seeds. Fruits without seeds are possible.

In Florida, June and July are the busiest months for sapodillas. However, some sapodilla cultivars may produce fruit throughout the year in some tropical nations.

Chicle is the name for the milky latex that pours from the tree. It used to be the primary component in chewing gum.


Makes you feel Energized

being abundant in sweets such as sucrose, glucose, and fructose. You can gain more energy by eating sapodilla. Sapodillas are a fantastic source of a number of vitamins and minerals, including potassium and magnesium, making them a terrific meal to add in your diet as an energy source.

It may treat Pulmonary problems

An infusion produced from young sapodilla fruits and flowers is used as a treatment for respiratory issues in traditional medicine.

It has Anti-Arthritic Activity

Sapodilla has strong anti-arthritic action, according to a study done to assess the plant’s effectiveness as a herbal medication in treating arthritis.

In-vitro protein denaturation inhibition was used as a model for the study. In which one of the causes of rheumatoid arthritis, protein denaturation, had been significantly suppressed by the leaf extract.

Good source of Antioxidants

An excellent source of antioxidants is sapodilla. The fruit’s pulp is rich in polyphenols, which are known to have antioxidant properties. The polyphenols are known to combat superoxide radicals and inflammation in our bodies.

You may benefit from eating sapodilla at the proper stage of ripeness. Due to the fruit’s strong antioxidant content at this stage, which ranges from 600 to 1200 mg per 100 grams.

It can act as an Analgesic

Using the hot plate method, the petroleum ether and ethanolic extracts of sapodilla leaves are evaluated for their analgesic efficacy in lab animals. According to the study, sapodilla extracts had analgesic effects at a dosage of 200 mg/kg.

The presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, and various other phytoconstituents in sapodilla may be the cause of its analgesic properties.

It possesses Antidiabetic properties

Sapodilla aids in easing diabetes symptoms. Sapodilla fruit extract has 24 anti-oxidant components. which also comprise a number of other substances that are involved in regulating the body’s lipid and glucose levels, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, terpenes, and others.

In a study examining the antidiabetic properties of sapodilla fruit and leaf pulp, insulin and blood glucose levels in treated Wistar rats were shown to be dramatically reduced. The study also revealed that the treated animals’ proportion of weight growth has decreased.

For Cold and Cough

The sapodilla tree’s aged, yellowed leaves are used to treat colds and coughs. In traditional medicine, a decoction made from old, yellowed leaves is taken to treat colds and coughs.

It can prevent the growth of Bacteria and Fungi

Sapodilla extracts from the bark, seeds, and leaves are known to have antibacterial properties that are effective against bacteria and fungi.

The sapodilla bark’s ethyl acetate extract had demonstrated antibacterial action against a number of pathogenic bacteria as well as a number of fungi, including Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium Sp.

Several harmful microorganisms, including Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus subtilis, and Escherichia coli, were mildly inhibited by the leaf extract.

Sapodilla seed extract has considerable antibacterial and antifungal capabilities, according to research done to determine the antimicrobial potential of the extract.

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It can reduce Inflammation and Fever

A body’s reaction to an injury or infection is inflammation. A nutritious diet can aid in lowering the inflammation. Traditional medicine has utilized sapodilla to treat fever and inflammation.

In a study, the ethanolic crude extract and its fractions of sapodilla leaves were used to suppress the development of edema brought on by carrageenan. The extracts also demonstrated anti-pyretic action by significantly lowering body temperature.

The anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of the plant may be attributed to phytoconstituents like steroids, flavonoids, and tannins.

It can improve the Reproductive health

Additionally beneficial to reproductive health is sapodilla. Sapodilla is one of the main plants used by Nahua women in the Mexican state of Veracruz to cure menstrual irregularities. To stop the hemorrhage, a sapodilla tree’s bark infusion is used.

It may have Anti-diarrheal activity

Diarrhea is a disorder that causes frequent “bowl moments” and can lead to dehydration from fluid loss. Due to its medicinal qualities, sapodilla has been utilized as a natural remedy to treat diarrhea.

To treat diarrhea, sapodilla leaves were traditionally boiled and consumed as an infusion. It is known that the presence of saponins and flavonoids in the leaves affects intestinal absorption and gastrointestinal peristalsis.

Unripe fruit decoction, produced from these fruits, is used in folk medicine to treat diarrhea.

Anticancer Activity

Extracts from the fruit and stem of the sapodilla contain substances that may have anticancer effects.

Sapodilla fruit methanolic extract has been demonstrated in studies to, in a dose-dependent manner, produce cytotoxicity in cancer cell lines. In addition, the extract tripled the longevity of the animal with the tumor at the same time.

In human colon cancer cell lines, antioxidants derived from sapodilla fruit also demonstrated cytotoxicity.

Ehrlich ascites carcinoma showed tumor-inhibitory action when sapodilla bark extract was administered intraperitoneally.

Used to treat stings and bites

In folk medicine, deadly animal and insect stings and bites were treated with a paste made from ground sapodilla seeds.

Bottom Line

Native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America, the manilkara zapota tree bears sapodillas as its fruit.

These fruits are a good source of fiber, protective plant components like polyphenols, vitamins like vitamin C, minerals like copper, and vitamins like copper.

On their own, they are sweet and tasty. They are also delicious in a variety of savory and sweet recipes.

They are safe to consume, unless you are one of the rare individuals who has a fruit allergy. Additionally, the seeds should not be consumed.

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