Experiencing Urinary Incontinence: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Urinary incontinence happens when you fail to keep a grip on your bladder. Now and again, you may purge your bladder’s substance totally. In different cases, you may encounter just minor leakage. The condition might be impermanent or persistent, contingent upon its cause.

Though it occurs more often as people get older, urinary incontinence isn’t an inevitable consequence of aging. If urinary incontinence affects your daily activities, don’t hesitate to see your doctor. For most people, simple lifestyle and dietary changes or medical care can treat symptoms of urinary incontinence.

On the off chance that you experience urinary incontinence, make a meeting with your healthcare provider. Urinary incontinence can meddle with your everyday life and lead to likely accidents. Your healthcare provider can likewise decide whether a more genuine ailment is the reason.

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

Many people experience occasional, minor leaks of urine. Others may lose small to moderate amounts of urine more frequently.

Types of urinary incontinence include:

Stress incontinence. Urine leaks when you exert pressure on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy.

Urge incontinence. You have an unexpected, extreme desire to urinate followed by a compulsory loss of urine. You may have to urinate regularly, including for the duration of the evening. Urge incontinence might be brought about by a minor condition, like disease, or a more extreme condition like a neurological disorder or diabetes.

Overflow incontinence. You experience frequent or constant dribbling of urine due to a bladder that doesn’t empty completely.

Functional incontinence. A physical or mental hindrance holds you back from making it to the toilet in time. For instance, on the off chance that you have severe arthritis, you will most likely be unable to unfasten your jeans rapidly enough.

Mixed incontinence. You experience more than one type of urinary incontinence — most often this refers to a combination of stress incontinence and urge incontinence.

Causes of urinary incontinence

There are many potential causes of urinary incontinence.

Examples include:

  • weakened bladder muscles, resulting from aging
  • physical damage to your pelvic floor muscles
  • enlarged prostate
  • cancer

Some of these conditions are easily treatable and only cause temporary urinary problems. Others are more serious and persistent.


As you get older, the muscles supporting your bladder typically become weaker, which raises your risk for incontinence.

To keep up solid muscles and a healthy bladder, it’s significant to practice healthy lifestyle habits. The better you are, the better your odds of staying away from incontinence as you age.

Enlarged prostate

If you’re male, your prostate gland surrounds the neck of your bladder. This gland releases fluid that protects and nourishes your sperm. It tends to enlarge with age. It’s common for males to experience some incontinence as a result.


Your pelvic floor muscles support your bladder. Damage to these muscles can cause incontinence. It can be caused by certain types of surgery, such as a hysterectomy. It’s also a common result of pregnancy and childbirth.


Prostate or bladder cancer can cause incontinence. In some cases, treatments for cancer can also make it harder for you to control your bladder. Even benign tumors can cause incontinence by blocking your flow of urine.

Other potential causes

Other potential causes of incontinence include:

  • side effects from certain medications, such as blood pressure drugs, muscle relaxants, sedatives, and some heart medications
  • interstitial cystitis, or a chronic condition that causes inflammation within your bladder
  • prostatitis, or inflammation of your prostate
  • constipation
  • urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • kidney or bladder stones

Some way of life variables can likewise cause impermanent episodes of incontinence. For instance, drinking too much alcohol, caffeinated refreshments, or different liquids can make you briefly fail to keep a grip on your bladder.

What your treatment will involve

Your healthcare provider’s suggested therapy plan will rely upon the reason for your incontinence. A hidden ailment may require medicine, medical procedure, or different therapies.

You may also be encouraged to do certain exercises, such as pelvic floor exercises or bladder training, which can help to increase your bladder control.

In specific circumstances, your healthcare provider will most likely be unable to fix your bladder incontinence. In these cases, there are steps you can take to deal with your condition.

For example, your healthcare provider may advise you to:

  • use absorbent undergarments or pads
  • take scheduled bathroom breaks
  • adjust your diet or fluid intake
  • maintain a clear and well-lit path to the bathroom

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Preventing urinary incontinence

You can’t prevent all instances of urinary incontinence, yet there are steps you can take to decrease your danger of creating it. Carrying on with a healthy lifestyle is key.

For example, try to:

  • eat a balanced diet
  • limit your caffeine and alcohol consumption
  • Don’t smoke, or seek help to quit if you’re a smoker
  • maintain your healthy weight
  • get plenty of exercise

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