It’s flu season and you’ve been hit. Under a haze of congestion, you’re praying to the respiration gods that it’s a cold and not the flu. No need to blindly ride out the illness, waiting to see if it becomes serious, though. Here’s everything you need to know about the common cold vs. the flu.
If you have a hard time differentiating between a cold vs. the flu, that’s probably because their symptoms can overlap. “Influenza appears on the ‘differential diagnosis’ of many conditions affecting patients during the winter months, including the common cold and upper and lower respiratory infections,” says Norman Moore, Ph.D., director of infectious diseases scientific affairs for Abbott. In other words, they share similar signs and symptoms.
With that said, if you’ve been plowing through a box of tissues, that might be one sign you have a cold rather than the flu. Chills, on the other hand, can be a giveaway that it’s the flu. “Sneezing, a stuffy nose, and sore throat are generally seen more often with a cold, whereas chills, fever, and fatigue are more common in people with the flu,” says Moore.
The difference between cold vs. flu symptoms isn’t an obvious one, echoes Gustavo Ferrer, M.D., founder of the Cleveland Clinic Florida Cough Clinic. But the duration of your sickness can be another distinguishing factor. “The common cold is produced by a virus just as influenza,” says Dr. Ferrer. “Usually, cold symptoms are milder in comparison to the flu and the flu tends to last longer.” Colds don’t typically last longer than 10 days. The flu can be about the same length, but in some people, the effects of the flu can last weeks, according to the CDC.